The importance of viniculture is depicted in the fact that the vineyards are an important element of Vrsac’s City crest which was accepted a long time ago in the 1804.
Vrsac and its environment are known to be a vineyard region. This domain includes a great part of a base of mountains of Vrsac, where natural conditions enables growing grapevine successfully. Viniculture of this district, according to historical sources, bears date from the reign of the Romans.
First written data on Vrsac’s wine bears date from 1494, when Buda’s palace agriculturist payed 10,5 gold forints for a barrel for Hungarian king Ladislaus. The fact that the wine was bought for the king’s palace in Buda, attested that the Vrsac’s wine had a good reputation due to an excellent quality.
After Turks left (in 1718 – Treaty of Passarowitz between Turkey and Austria-Hungary) this area was inhabited, with recommendation of Prince Eugene of Savoy by, vineyardists from Alsace, Rhine, Mozelle area and Lotharingia. Count Claudius Florimund de Mercy first colonized this area, and the family that inhabited this region was Johann Tetzel’s from Alsace. He came to Gudurica village beneath the Gudurica mountain top and that part of the hill is erenow called the Tetzel’s hill.
In 19th century the vineyard of Vrsac was the biggest vineyard in Hungary, and according to data the biggest in Europe as well and it outspreaded to 17.000 acres (10.000 ha). Record gathering of grapes was noted in the 1875, which is when a million acovs of wine. Whole handicraft and agriculture was then directed to viniculture, so that year citizens of Vrsac had to import wheat in order to feed themselves.
In 1880 Swiss wine merchant Schtaub, from Zurich, set up a wine cellar in Vrsac called »Helvecija« with the capacity of a 100 wagons. This wine cellar still exists and is the property of a company„ Vrsac winery“.
„Vrsac winery“ ltd now owns about 900 ha of wine plantations, 300 ha of which are its own property, while the rest is the national property which is rented for a long time.
The assortment now counts 16 kinds of vine, most numerous of which are white wine kinds. The most numerous of all are Italian Riesling, followed by Rhine Riesling, White Burgundy, Chardonnay, Muscat Ottonel, Kreatsa (wine from autochtonous grapes of Vrsac), Smederevka, Zuplyanka, Shasla, Chasselas, Rkatsiteli and Gray Burgundy. Of black grape sorts Frankovka and Muscat Hamburg are being raised, as well as new plantations of Merlot, Caberne Franc and Syrah.
In spring 2018 even 76 hectares of new vineyards were set up, i.e. 268.000 grafts were planted on locations in Vrsac and Gudurica.
Gathering of grapes in vineyards of Vrsac is being done combinedly: manually and mechanically (by combine harvesters).
,,Vrsac Winery“ plantations expand along south and north side of the hill with the altitude of 110-270 m. Part of the area is located on mildy wavy slopes of mountains of Vrsac, while a part of parcels are located on Banat’s right terrace in the plane part of the vineyard. Except districts of Vrsac, they include districts of near estates in the area of mountains od Vrsac: Mesic, Gudurica, Veliko Srediste and Malo Srediste (villages in Vrsac municipality).
SOUTH BANAT REGION, VRSAC WINERY
„Vrsac Winery“ is a part of the Vrsac vineyards, vineyard area of South Banat, vineyard area of Vojvodina.
The land on which the vineyards of Vrsac are located is heterogenous, consisting from sandy ground with quartz schists to land with a bigger percentage of clay. They all are suitable for successful grapevine raising. According to the type of the land, the choice of sorts is being done, and this heterogeneity enables choosing different sorts.
Climate in vineyards of Vrsac is humid continental, with enough rainfalls and expressed seasons which corresponds to the development of grapevine. Annual cross section of the temperature is 12C.
In this area winds blow from different directions, oftenest of which is southeastern wind – kosava. Individual blasts reach speeds up to 120-150 km/h. Kosava can be harmful to vineyards, especially to younger plantations.
During summer blow northwestern winds which usually bring rainfalls. Northern wind in summer brings refreshing air, and in winter really cold weather. Winds usually blow in March and November.
New winery plant was built in 2017 in the base of the hill of Vrsac, among vineyards. The plant size is 8.000 m2, equipped with newest machinery for grape and wine production, and its capacity at the moment is 5,6 million wine litres. Bottling line has the capacity of 4.000 bottles per hour, and the manufacturer is the famous Italian company GAI. The main line advantage is enabling very low content of biodegradable oxygen to enter the bottle, which contributes to proper wine evolution as well conservation of aromas.
The winery will also own a cellar for wine aging in wooden barrels made from slavonian oak and barrique barrels for high quality wines production. „Vrsac winery“ includes wine cellars in Gudurica as well.
Entrance of „Vrsac winery“ into „Swisslion-Takovo“ business system represents completely new era in this companies business. The result of intense investment into mechanization, plants and equipment for grape and wine production is the change of company’s business policy, i.e. being more and more oriented to better quality sorts of grapes and production of high quality wines.